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06 05 22 - new diplomatic archives are opening to reveal the smell o= death - Armenian death
• Robert Fisk: You're talking nonsense, Mr Ambassador
All the while, new diplomatic archives are opening to reveal the smell o= death - Armenian death
Published: 20 May 2006
A letter from the Turkish Ambassador to the Court of Saint James arrived =or me a few days ago, one of those missives that send a shudder through the hum=n soul. "You allege that an 'Armenian genocide' took place in Eastern Anatolia=in 1915," His Excellency Mr Akin Alptuna told me. "I believe you have some misconceptions about those events ..."
Oh indeedy doody, I have. I am under the totally mistaken conception that=one and a half million Armenians were cruelly and deliberately done to death by their Turkish Ottoman masters in 1915, that the men were shot and knifed whi=e their womenfolk were raped and eviscerated and cremated and starved on death=20 marches and their children butchered. I have met a few of the survivors - li=rs to a man and woman, if the Turkish ambassador to Britain is to be believed -=and I have seen the photographs taken of the victims by a brave German photograp=er called Armen Wegner whose pictures must now, I suppose, be consigned to the waste bins. So must the archives of all those diplomats who courageously catalogued the mass murders inflicted upon Turkey's Christian population on =he orders of the gang of nationalists who ran the Ottoman government in 1915.
What would have been our reaction if the ambassador of Germany had writte= a note to the same effect? "You allege that a 'Jewish genocide' took place in Eastern Europe between 1939 and 1945 ... I believe you have some misconcepti=ns about those events ...' Of course, the moment such a letter became public, t=e ambassador of Germany would be condemned by the Foreign Office, our man in Berlin would - even the pusillanimous Blair might rise to the occasion - be withdrawn for consultations and the European Union would debate whether sanctions should be placed upon Germany.
But Mr Alptuna need have no such worries. His country is not a member of =he European Union - it merely wishes to be - and it was Mr Blair's craven administration that for many months tried to prevent Armenian participation =n Britain's Holocaust Day.
Amid this chicanery, there are a few shining bright lights and I should s=y at once that Mr Alptuna's letter is a grotesque representation of the views =f a growing number of Turkish citizens, a few of whom I have the honour to know,=who are convinced that the story of the great evil visited upon the Armenians mu=t be told in their country. So why, oh why, I ask myself, are Mr Alptuna and h=s colleagues in Paris and Beirut and other cities still peddling this nonsense?
In Lebanon, for example, the Turkish embassy has sent a "communiqué" to=the local French-language L'Orient Le Jour newspaper, referring to the "soi-disa=t (so-called) Armenian genocide" and asking why the modern state of Armenia wi=l not respond to the Turkish call for a joint historical study to "examine the=20 events" of 1915.
In fact, the Armenian president, Robert Kotcharian, will not respond to s=ch an invitation for the same reason that the world's Jewish community would no= respond to the call for a similar examination of the Jewish Holocaust from t=e Iranian president - because an unprecedented international crime was committ=d, the mere questioning of which would be an insult to the millions of victims =ho perished.
But the Turkish appeals are artfully concocted. In Beirut, they recall th= Allied catastrophe at Gallipoli in 1915 when British, French, Australian and=New Zealand troops suffered massive casualties at the hands of the Turkish army.=In all - including Turkish soldiers - up to a quarter of a million men perished=in the Dardanelles. The Turkish embassy in Beirut rightly states that the belligerent nations of Gallipoli have transformed these hostilities into gestures of reconciliation, friendship and mutual respect. A good try. But t=e bloodbath of Gallipoli did not involve the planned murder of hundreds of thousands of British, French, Australian, New Zealand - and Turkish - women =nd children.
But now for the bright lights. A group of "righteous Turks" are challengi=g their government's dishonest account of the 1915 genocide: Ahmet Insel, Bask=n Oran, Halil Berktay, Hrant Dink, Ragip Zarakolu and others claim that the "democratic process" in Turkey will "chip away at the darkness" and they see= help from Armenians in doing so. Yet even they will refer only to the 1915 "disaster", the "tragedy", and the "agony" of the Armenians. Dr Fatma Gocek =f the University of Michigan is among the bravest of those Turkish-born academ=cs who are fighting to confront the Ottoman Empire's terror against the Armenia=s. Yet she, too, objects to the use of the word genocide - though she acknowled=es its accuracy - on the grounds that it has become "politicised" and thus hind=rs research.
I have some sympathy with this argument. Why make the job of honest Turks=20 more difficult when these good men and women are taking on the might of Turk=sh nationalism? The problem is that other, more disreputable folk are demanding=the same deletion. Mr Alputuna writes to me - with awesome disingenuousness - th=t Armenians "have failed to submit any irrefutable evidence to support their allegations of genocide". And he goes on to say that "genocide, as you are w=ll aware, has a quite specific legal definition" in the UN's 1948 Convention. B=t Mr Alputuna is himself well aware - though he does not say so, of course - t=at the definition of genocide was set out by Raphael Lemkin, a Jew, in specific=20 reference to the wholesale mass slaughter of the Armenians.
And all the while, new diplomatic archives are opening in the West which reveal the smell of death - Armenian death - in their pages. I quote here, f=r example, from the newly discovered account of Denmark's minister in Turkey during the First World War. "The Turks are vigorously carrying through their=20 cruel intention, to exterminate the Armenian people," Carl Wandel wrote on 3=20 July 1915. The Bishop of Karput was ordered to leave Aleppo within 48 hours =and it has later been learned that this Bishop and all the clergy that accompani=d him have been ... killed between Diyarbekir and Urfa at a place where approximately 1,700 Armenian families have suffered the same fate ... In Ang=ra ... approximately 6,000 men ... have been shot on the road ... even here in Constantinople (Istanbul), Armenians are being abducted and sent to Asia ..."
There is much, much more. Yet now here is Mr Alptuna in his letter to me:="In fact, the Armenians living outside Eastern Armenia including Istanbul ... we=e excluded from deportation." Somebody here is not telling the truth. The late=Mr Wandel of Copenhagen? Or the Turkish Ambassador to the Court of St James?

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