del Ministro Affari Esteri Armeno Dott. Oskanian Nella sede dell'ONU
BY HE MINISTER OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS OF THE REPUBLIC OF ARMENIA VARDAN
OSKANIAN AT THE 59-TH SESSION OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLEY OF UN
York, 29 September 2004
congratulations to you, Mr. Ping, our thanks to Mr. Julian Hunte
and to the Secretary General for their efforts during this difficult
year, we marked our concern for the restoration of sovereignty in
Iraq, and the reinvigoration of the Middle East peace process. This
year we wish to especially note the critical need to end the tragedy
in Darfur. Armenians, victims of the 20th century’s first
genocide, know well the long-lasting effects of victimization and
homelessness. This is no way to begin a new millennium. The benefits
of globalization should be utilized to defeat this newest global
comprehend all too well that peace and security abroad and at home
are clearly correlated with social and economic dignity today, or,
faith in their possibility tomorrow.
self-satisfied smugness on the one hand, nor self-righteous violence
on the other, are solutions to the great inequalities around the
world, and within each of our countries, even those most developed.
Terrorism, in all its manifestations, affects security, political
and economic stability in our neighborhoods and on our planet. Terrorism
from Madrid to Beslan, in all its manifestations, is inexcusable
that the success of counter-terrorism efforts is conditional on
collective measures, Armenia has readily joined the global fight
against international terrorism. This fight must go beyond effective
regional and international cooperation. It must include the very
goals of the Millennium Declaration – replacing deprivation,
poverty and injustice by a universal respect for human rights and
democracy, economic development, equality and social justice.
Armenia, we have had a year in which economic growth went hand-in-hand
with increased participation in international organizations, particularly
the UN. Our position in the Human Development Index gives us the
confidence to continue on this path of economic development.
will also work hard to bolster public-private partnership. We are
proud that Armenia’s major enterprises are each finding ways
to contribute to art and culture, to invest in public life, and
become partners in our society’s pursuit of happiness and
quality of life.
2005, the international community will review the progress that’s
been made in the implementation of the global development agenda.
It would be most useful if we could focus our resources on implementation
of that agenda rather than on restating our collective good intentions.
In other words, we must find the political will to make the political
and financial commitments necessary to overcome the outstanding
Millennium Development Goals are guidelines for Armenia. To this
end empowerment of women, child protection, fight against poverty
are not just goals for us, but they are indeed building blocks for
a prosperous, healthy, stable society. The Government of Armenia
has approved national action plans for the Protection of the Rights
of the Child, on Improving the Status of Women and Enhancing Their
Role in Society, and for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons. In
addition, a broad anti-corruption strategy, developed with the participation
and counsel of the international community, will complement the
Poverty Reduction Strategy Program that is already beginning to
continue our effective collaboration with UN bodies on a number
of important issues including use of information and communication
technologies to improve governance and institutionalize public-private
interactions. With donor community support, focused institution
building and good governance, we expect that the human rights and
democratic reforms of the last decade will go beyond the solid legislative
framework that’s been developed, and take root, psychologically
and socially, in our society.
as an active member of ECOSOC and the Commission on Human Rights,
will remain involved in international development cooperation. At
the same time, we will participate in the effort to improve the
consultation and coordination mechanisms that are essential for
the effectiveness of the collective security system and we look
forward to the assessment of the High-level Panel on Threats, Challenges
stand for broader cooperation between the UN and regional organizations
as a measure for ensuring broader involvement and commitment by
countries in decision-making and implementation processes. Reform
is necessary within these valued organizations, if we are to effectively
address today’s realities and challenges, and resolve tomorrow’s
problems. For this, we cannot work with yesterday’s mechanisms.
In the UN, a revitalized General Assembly is indispensable for effective
action. We would also support India, Germany and Japan joining countries
from Africa, and Latin America as permanent members of an enlarged
and more representative Security Council.
these short years, we have done away with the false proposition
that we must choose between East and West, between the old world
and the new. We have done away with the myth that our neighbors
can control the pace of our economic growth and shape its direction.
Now, we want to do away with the dangerous suggestion that yesterday’s
adversary is an enemy forever.
Armenia is ready to compromise and collaborate with neighbors who
are ready to join us in making history, not rewriting it. We want
to work with an Azerbaijan that understands its place in a rule-based
international order, not one whose policies, practices and statements
threaten the fragile peace and stability of our region.
was first in introducing ethnic cleansing to the Soviet space, first
in engaging mercenaries and international terrorists in its own
defense, first in discarding the rules of engagement in international
me explain. The Armenian presence in this region has been long and
extensive. Denying or revising this history requires systematic
planning, energy and resources. Unfortunately, the government of
Azerbaijan has not spared such resources. Azerbaijan succeeded in
eliminating the Armenians of Nakhichevan who comprised more than
half the population. There are none there today. In Baku and Sumgait,
and throughout Azerbaijan, there were over 400,000 Armenians in
the Soviet years. There are none there today. The Azerbaijani experiment
in ethnic cleansing worked.
decade ago, Azerbaijan retained the services of some of our region’s
most notorious mercenaries and international terrorists -- the same
names which you hear again and again -- to fight against the Armenian
men and women who were defending their lands and their lives against
aerial bombings and proximate shelling. The terrorists lost, Armenians
Azerbaijan’s leadership dismisses the opportunities offered
by membership in international organizations to build bridges and
seek solutions. Azerbaijan rejects mediation by those who wish to
help halt drug trafficking through its territory. Azerbaijan also
dismisses efforts by Council of Europe and other monitoring groups
to come to the region to see first hand the destruction of thousands
of irreplaceable historic and cultural markers. It crows about its
desire for NATO membership even as it repeatedly prohibits a partner’s
participation in NATO exercises. Worse, Azerbaijan not only does
not rebuke, it champions the Azeri military officer who decapitated
a fellow Armenian officer in a NATO training course in Budapest.
It maligns the Minsk Group of the OSCE in order to hide
its own refusal to consider proposals that have grown from the discussions
and negotiations in which its own leadership has participated. For
more than half a decade, it has rejected every proposal placed before
it from the Common State Proposal in 1998 to the Key West document
prevailed in the military confrontation unleashed by Azerbaijan
as a response to the peaceful demands of the Armenians of Nagorno
Karabakh for self-determination. Contrary to the assertion of Azerbaijan’s
president, Armenians have occupied those lands for over 2000 years,
and not just in the last 10. Today, Nagorno Karabakh has reversed
the injustice of the Stalin years and is free and democratic, tolerant
of minorities. Nagorno Karabakh holds regular elections, has state
and security structures, complete control over its territory, and
a growing economy.
in the last century, Armenians and Azeris were forcibly linked together,
in this next century, where we have earned the right to our own
destinies, we can determine to live together peaceably. If we are
serious about becoming full, deserving residents of the European
neighborhood, where borders don’t matter, but intentions and
tolerance do, we will have to come to terms with our past, with
our history, with the realities that have gripped our region.