08 12 2007 - Celebrazioni mondiali indetta da UNESCO in memoria di MOLANA Famosa come RUMI - Organizzata da
|-Sig.na Raana Shieh- Membro del concerto- studia in Padova ed e’ bravissima sounatore di Kamanche’ e Annette Melikian ci hanno inviato i VIDEO dell'evento in VENEZIA voluta dall'UNESCO - possibile visitare nella pagina sottosegnalata >>> http://www.zatik.com/videomoulana.asp
N.B *Today the city of Balkh is in Afghanistan, but in the XIII century was part of the Persian empire. Sadly, often the media forget the true nationality of Moulana
N.B. E' doveroso di precisare che Rumi è nato nel 1207 a Balkh che l'epoca, questa località faceva parte della Regione Persiana Khorassan, oggi, la località BALKH fa parte drell'Afganistan, perciò il nostro amato poeta era ed è persiana malgrado continui affermazioni contrastanti con la realta come la presente biografia riportata nel link sottosegnalato.
" Don't look at your form, however ugly or beautiful.
Look at love and at the aim of your quest. ...
O you whose lips are parched, keep looking for water.
Those parched lips are proof that eventually you will reach the source."
Jalalud'din Rumi is one of the world’s most revered mystical poets. During his lifetime he produced a prolific range of inspiring and devotional poetry which encapsulates the sufi's experience of union with the divine. These timeless classics have enjoyed a renaissance in recent years, as Rumi has become one of our most popular poets. Although Rumi was a Sufi and a great scholar of the Qu’ran his appeal reaches across religious and social divisions. Even during his lifetime he was noted for his cosmopolitan outlook. His funeral, which lasted 40 days, was attended by Muslims, Jews, Persians, Christians and Greeks.
Rumi was born in 1207 on the Eastern shores of the Persian Empire. He was born in the city of Balkh( in what is now Afghanistan), and finally settled in the town of Konya, in what is now Turkey. It was a period of remarkable social and political turbulence. The 13th Century was the era of the crusades; also the area where Rumi lived was under constant threat of Mongol invasion. The great upheavals Rumi faced during his life is said to have influenced much of his poetry.
Rumi met many of the great Sufi poets. For example, as a young boy he met the Sufi Master, Attar. Attar is said to have commented about Rumi.
"There goes a river dragging an ocean behind it."
However the most important turning point in Rumi’s life was when he met the wandering dervish Shams al- Din. Shams was eccentric and unorthodox, but was filled with heart - felt devotion, that sometimes he couldn’t contain. Shams appeared to be quite different to the respectable and prestigious scholar, (as Rumi was at that point.) However Rumi saw in Shams a divine presence. This meeting and their close mystical relationship was instrumental in awakening Rumi’s latent spirituality and intense devotion. It was at this point Rumi abandoned his academic career and began to write his mystical poetry.
Rumi’s poetry is wide ranging and encompasses many different ideas but behind all the poetry the essential theme was the longing and searching for the union with the divine. Rumi was himself a great mystic. His outpourings of poetry were a reflection of his own inner consciousness. Ironically Rumi said that no words could adequately explain the experience of mystical union. Yet his words are inspiring signposts which point towards the divine.
In his poetry Rumi frequently uses imagery which may be unexpected. For example although Islam forbids alcohol, he often describes the sensation of being “drunk and intoxicated with ecstasy for his beloved." Here drunk implies the bliss of the divine consciousness. Love is a frequent subject of Rumi's poems, descriptions of seeming romantic love is an illusion to the all encompassing pure, divine love. Metaphors such as this are common to other Sufi poets such as Omar Khayyam, Hafiz, and Attar.
Rumi's poetry is so widely appreciated because it has the capacity to uplift our own consciouness. Reading the words of Rumi can awaken in ourselves, our own spiritual self.
Sufism: A movement within Islam which focuses on the direct experience of God. Sufism is found within both branches of Islam, Sunni and Shi'ite. Some Sufis dance as part of their worship. The dancers are popularly known as "whirling dervishes"
Maulaana Jalalludin Balkhi was born in 1207 in Balkh, Mazar-i-Sharif. His name was Jalalludin Mohammad. Even though he was born in Afghanistan, in Turkey and ancient Rome he was known as 'Rumi' meaning "from Rome". In the wake of Mongolian attacks his family moved to Anatolia, Turkey. He known mostly as Maulaana Jalalludin Balkhi in Afghanistan but in Turkey, to oppose his birthplace claims, Turkey is claiming that Jalalludin Balkhi is from Turkey and not Afghanistan. It is true that the far northern part of Afghanistan's area where he was born was known as Turkistan one time but to conclude he was an Afghan to the end.
Jalalludin Balkhi had great influence on people around the world from his great works. His father was his first teacher. He was however greatly impressed by Shams Tebriz, whose shrine is close to Maulana Jalalludin Balkh's shrine. Maulana traveled far and wide, however, after the Mongolian invasion of Afghanistan, Konya, Turkey remained his permanent settlement till his death on December 17, 1273. His mausoleum exists in the garden presented to his father by a king of the time.
In his life time, Maulana did not organize his followers and impose any rules which were to be followed. It was only after his death that his son, Sultan Walid established a school for his followers and wrote books in order to prevent the break-up of the believers. His works include Fih-i-ma-Fih, Diwan-i-Kabir, Mecalis-i-Seba, Rubalier, Mektubat and Menewi. His work is mainly on the universal meaning of Islam and the soul.
The above is an Afghan Stamp from 1968
The main fundamental principle of Jalalludin Balkhi's teaching was the unification of the mind and the heart. His perception of mysticism is different from that of the other mystics. He was a humanist, moralist and reformist, who advocated these principles throughout his life. He said, "Without demolishing religious schools and minarets and without abandoning the beliefs and ideas of medieval age, restriction in thoughts and pains in conscience will not end. Without understanding that unbelieving is a kind of religious belief as well as a conservative religious belief is a kind of misbelieve and without showing tolerance to opposite ideas, one of those, who look for the truth, will accomplish the mission."
According to Maulana Jalalludin Balkhi , man is the finest creation of God Almighty, even a part of Him. He is to be respected. According to Maulana, a person who reaches the truth and spiritual perfection, directs his attention to universalism and not individualism and selfishness. Sufi is a person who tries to reach universalism than individualism. He need not abandon worldly matters, but must not consider them an ultimate end. He believed that priority to human love is must, and religions can be united by this love.
Maulana Jalalludin Balkhi's Monument is situated in the centre of the city in Turkey. Next to the mausoleum is a mosque, Salemi Camii built by the Ottoman prince Salem who was a great follower of Maulana Jalalludin Balkhi .
But after the revolution in Turkey in 1923 which brought Kemal Ataturk to power, the revolutionizing of Turkey brought the closing of the institution. The mausoleum after being closed for four years was officially opened to the public in 1927. The surrounding halls were turned into a museum. According to him, although after the revolution visits to a large number of shrines were banned, Maulana Jalalludin Balkhi's tomb remained open.
The museum of the Maulana exhibits a large number of items all associated with his life. They include silver keys, copies of the Holy Koran, the divan of Haifa, robes and lamps used by Jalalludin Balkhi. A number of Maulana Jalalludin Balkhi's works are exhibited in the museum. Within the compound of the shrine are a number of portraits and wax statues of Jalalludin Balkhi. He is portrayed in his traditional dress, doing the Sufi dance.
Followers of Jalalludin Balkhi are scattered all over Turkey and in neighbouring countries. They travel to the mausoleum in December and May each year to perform their famous whirling dance, circling from right to left to commemorate the dance made by Maulana himself. The main event occurs during 10 to 17 December each year. The biggest whirl is on 17 December, the day Jalalludin Balkhi died. His followers call it the "wedding night" as on that night Jalalludin Balkhi was married to eternal life. The second event of the whirl is on May 3 each year which lasts for only a day.
The festivities in December mark the death anniversary of Jalalludin Balkhi. In May the arrival of Maulana Jalalludin Balkhi into the city from Karma is celebrated. The whirling dervishes sing and dance in circles; the movement symbolizes the giving of charity in the name of Allah. The whirl is in two parts: First, they wear black cloaks and long cone like caps. The cloaks represent graves, and caps tomb stones. They circle slowly three times around the chamber. It is known as the 'Sima Ceremony'. The three circles represent the revival of one's self in the presence of God. In the Maulana school of thought, there are three revolutions in one's life: To attain knowledge of God; seeing God, and being in the presence of God. After the black cloaks are taken off underneath white traditional gowns are worn.
Then the regular rotation begins. The sequence is completed in four circles:
• Symbolizes the vision of God.
• To accept the greatness of God.
• To symbolize the philosophy that the level of knowledge one must have attained after entering the domain of Sufis.
• Signifies the coming together in the presence of God.